Different energy sources refer to the many methods we use and capture energy. They include renewable as well as nonrenewable forms of energy. The kind of energy source we choose is based on a variety of factors such as how it impacts the environment and how accessible and affordable it is.

In 2018 fossil fuels made up 81 percent of the energy generated globally. These non-renewable energy sources can be harmful to the environment in a variety of ways. For instance, oil drilling can cause a huge impact on wildlife and communities. Fracking can cause pollution of water. Coal power plants emit CO2.

Renewable energy, also referred to as green or clean energy comes from naturally occurring and continuously replenishing resources such as sunlight, wind, and water. It’s an excellent option to reduce our dependence of dirty energy sources and helping the planet.

Renewable energy is not solely about protecting the environment. It’s also about being affordable, reliable and efficient. That’s why renewable energy is becoming more popular as a means to power our homes or businesses, as well as vehicles.

The most commonly used renewable energy sources are wind, solar, hydropower, and nuclear. Solar energy utilizes technology to convert sunlight into heat and electricity. Wind energy is used to create electricity in a variety of locations around the globe. Hydropower harnesses force of rapidly moving water to create electricity. Nuclear energy is based on the process of atomic fission to produce electricity.

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